Ancient Rome Part 1
by mrplough07, 5 years ago

This presentation covers the daily life of Ancient Romans

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ancient rome rome
Transcript
  • Ancient Rome
  • Part 1: Daily Life
  • Introduction    
  • Rome is in Italy
  •  Around 500 B.C. Latins (Romans of Latium) were small part of Italy but had defeated Greeks and then last Etruscan Kings to unify Italy
  • This began the Roman Republic (people vote for govt) which is beginning of this Classical Civilization
  • The Roman Forum
  • Rome’s main marketplace
  • Sold food, weapons, toys, everything!
  • Markets held every eight days
  • Also a place for politics, business, news, gossip
  • The Roman Aqueducts
  • Cement-lined pipes to carry water from hills into cities
  • Water gathered in cisterns, went to public fountains, baths, toilets, and homes of the rich
  • Advanced system but didn’t help much with rubbish and wastes
  • Roman Baths
  • Everyone could go
  • Tepidarium: warm hall
  • Frigidarium: cold hall with a swimming pool
  • Caldarium: hot room with saunas and Turkish baths
  • Exercise areas, shopping, libraries, gardens, museums, restaurants
  • Baths of Diocletian
  • 32 acres
  • Held over 3,000 people
  • Circus Maximus
  • Entertainment
  • Held 250,000 people
  • Hippodrome: a racecourse for chariot races
  • 4 Teams: White, Green, Blue, and Red
  • Betting was common
  • Fast! Crashes! Trampling!
  • Colosseum
  • Amphitheatre: round open-air stadium
  • Largest one
  • Held 50,000 people
  • Gladiators
  • Often prisoners of war or criminals
  • Some were professionally trained in schools
  • Fought one another or wild animals
  • Often ending in death
  • Crowd could give thumbs up or down to spare the loser
  • Rich People
  • Wore tunics made of wool or linen
  • short sleeves
  • went to the knee
  • Men wore a toga
  • Women wore a stola
  • Rich = power and luxury
  • Lives of the Rich
  • Nice Houses
  • Atrium: room where rain collected in an ornamental pond
  • Peristyle: garden courtyard
  • Running water
  • Central heat
  • Murals and mosaics
  • Basic furnishings
  • Eating and Drinking
  • Very important
  • Rich had lavish dinner parties and banquets
  • Slaves served guests and washed their feet
  • Lots and lots of Wine
  • Eating and Drinking
  • Vomitorium: slaves put a feather down guests’ throats to induce vomiting
  • easing indigestion
  • Allowed guests to return and eat more
  • Poor rarely had meat and lived mostly on grain
  • Slaves were often better fed
  • Poor People
  • Wore a single short garment in winter and summer
  • Most people were poor
  • Those who did not earn a living got free grain from the government called “the dole”
  • Lives of the Poor
  • Families lived in a single room of multistory flats
  • Very tall
  • Eventually limited to six stories
  • Got in by ladder
  • Fire spread easily
  • Poor heating and insulation
  • Very dirty!
  • Hard to get water into the upper floors
  • Slaves
  • Mostly prisoners of war
  • Like property
  • Could be bought and sold
  • Most rich people had 1 or 2
  • The Emporer had over 20,000
  • Slaves
  • Some were treated well
  • Had important jobs
  • Teaching
  • Managing farms
  • Given money
  • Could eventually buy freedom
  • Slaves
  • Some were treated badly
  • Slaves working in mines were treated worst
  • Were crucified or branded if they tried to run away
  • Roman Children
  • Raised strictly
  • Could be sold or killed
  • Sons stayed with fathers
  • Girls learned spinning, weaving, and painting
  • elementary school from ages 7-11
  • Called “ludus”: meaning play
  • Roman Children
  • Boys went to grammar school from ages 12-16
  • Learned Greek, Latin, great works, and oratory: how to make speeches
  • Strict discipline
  • Flogging
  • Roman Children
  • Boys wore a toga with a purple stripe
  • At age 16 they got a plain white toga to signify entering adulthood
  • Conclusion
  • Concludes Daily Life of Romans
  • Answer questions in quiz
  • Move onto Ancient Rome Part 2
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